Gingivitis is a form of oral gum disease that is identified by swollen gums. People may experience some changes in their mouth such as shiny, bright red, and purple-colored gums.
Gingivitis may cause mouth sores through the gums and you might experience pain when applying some pressure on them. Additionally, a person suffering from gingivitis may experience bleeding gums while doing brushing them gently. Moreover, people’s gums may recede exp[osing the nerve roots ending in increased sensitivity. Such conditions may need an emergency dentist to relieve the problematic gum disease.
Causes of Gingivitis:
Generally, gingivitis is generated due to the accumulation of bacterial plaque in the person’s teeth and gum combined with the formation of tartar on the teeth. However, the bacteria and tartar may be microscopic in nature. The bacteria release toxins and foreign chemicals ending in inflammation that is a typical form of gingivitis. You may visit a dentist open near me if the gum disease is severe.
Generally, Healthy gums are strong and pale pink, and firmly around the teeth. Indications of gingivitis may include:
- Swelled or distended gums
- Dull red or deep red gums
- Bleeding gums when you brush or floss.
- Bad exhalation
- Gums recession
- Sore gums
- Long Term impacts of Gingivitis
If gingivitis is left untreated for long periods of time, may cause deep pockets between the gums and the teeth. As a result, you may experience Periodontitis. When a person goes through such kinds of situations, their teeth can be loosened and fall out.
In the process of treating gingivitis, a dentist must thoroughly examine and clean both the gums and the teeth. The process generally does not cause pain, discomfort, and inflammation and usually disappears after one or two weeks if the patient maintains proper oral hygiene care along with cleaning. This process generally includes brushing, flossing, and using an anti-bacterial rinse or mouthwash.
The best and most effective way to prevent gingivitis is to brush and floss the teeth on regular basis. Additionally, there is a strong link between adequate calcium ingestion and the prevention of periodontal disease. Experts believe that calcium plays a major part to make the alveolar bone that holds the teeth stronger.
Other causes and risk factors:
Changes in hormones:
Such a condition may arise during puberty, menopause, the menstrual cycle, and pregnancy. The gingiva may become more sensitive heightening the risk of inflammation.
Some diseases like cancer, diabetes, and HIV are associated with a higher risk of gingivitis.
Some medications may affect oral health especially if saliva flow is decreased.
Oral health may be affected by some medications, especially if saliva flow is reduced such as Dilantin, an anticonvulsant, and some anti-angina medications can provoke abnormal maturity of gum tissue.
Smoking on daily basis may cause the growth of gingivitis compared to non-smokers.
When people overage the risk of gingivitis may increase.
Poor diet: if you have vitamin -C deficiency, you are likely to have gum disease.
People who have a family history of gingivitis have higher chances of developing it too. This is considered that it is due to the type of bacteria that you get during your early life.
Get proper oral hygiene to prevent any kind of dental issues.